He was the first and only one foreign Swordsmith. Keith Austin arrived Japan in 1961. To become Nihonto Swordsmith, you have to work at least 5 years under the guidance of established master, then given recognition by the government. He named Keith Austin Nobuhira. He returned to US in 1971. He died in 1997 at age of 62. Because of his perfection, he left only a few his works.