Tokugawa Tsunayoshi was the fifth shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan. During his regime (1680–1709), late in his administration, he came to be obsessed with protection of animals, particularly dogs, since he was born in the year of the dog in the Chinese calendar. In 1687, he issued the Shorui Awaremi-no Rei (Edicts on Compassion for Living Things), an order prohibiting the killing of animals and establishing an administrator of animal protection; later, he set up kennels for feeding and boarding as many as 100,000 dogs. This resulted in his being known as the Dog Shogun. His so-called Laws of Compassion have been interpreted as "the worst laws in the feudal history of mankind."