Shogi, also known as Japanese chess, is a two-player board game in the same family as Western chess, chaturanga, Chinese chess, and janggi, and is the most popular of a family of chess variants native to Japan. Shogi in its present form was played as early as the 16th century, while a direct ancestor without the "drop rule" was recorded from 1210 in a historical document
Nichureki, which is an edited copy of Shochureki from the late Heian-era.
According to ChessVariants.com, "Perhaps the enduring popularity of Shogi can be attributed to its 'drop rule'; it was the first chess variant wherein captured pieces could be returned to the board to be used as one's own. David Pritchard credits the drop rule to the practice of 16th century mercenaries who switched loyalties when captured—no doubt as an alternative to execution."
Two players, Sente (Black) and Gote (White), play on a board composed of rectangles in a grid of 9 ranks (rows) by 9 files (columns). The rectangles are undifferentiated by marking or colour. Each player has a set of 20 wedge-shaped pieces of slightly different sizes. Except for the kings, opposing pieces are differentiated only by orientation, not by marking or color. From largest to smallest (most to least powerful), the pieces are: 1 king, 1 rook, 1 bishop, 2 gold generals, 2 silver generals, 2 knights, 2 lances, 9 pawns.
Several of these names were chosen to correspond to their rough equivalents in international chess, and not as literal translations of the Japanese names.
Each piece has its name written on its surface in the form of two kanji, usually in black ink. On the reverse side of each piece, other than the king and gold general, are one or two other characters, in amateur sets often in a different color (usually red); this side is turned face up during play to indicate that the piece has been promoted. The pieces of the two players do not differ in color, but instead each faces forward, toward the opposing side. This shows who controls the piece during play. The Japanese characters have deterred many people from learning shogi.
Koma made from Tsuge (Boxwood) in Japan and Yunnan area in China also produce good and large boxwood.
There are 4 different finishes here: 1. Kakikoma, 1 and 2, 2. Horigoma, 3-32, 3. Horiume, 33-35, 4. Moriage, 36-41
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