Located next to the religious-historically significant town of Takachiho, Hinokage is known primarily for its three large bridges, traditional Kagura dances, and the work of Hiroshima Kazuo, a traditional weaver of bamboo baskets. Like many districts in rural Japan, the area has been struggling with an aging population and an exodus of young people to Tokyo and other major cities. The town's population peaked in the 1950s at 16,199 people, but has steadily declined since the closure of the Mitate mine in March, 1970. Between 2000 and 2005 four area elementary and middle schools were closed, and more closures are planned in the future.
The region was heavily damaged in the September, 2005 Typhoon Nabi / Number 14, and local rail service has been suspended indefinitely.