Himeshima appears in creation myths and legends in Japanís two historical documents, the Kojiki and the Nihon Shoki . According to the Kojiki, the gods Izanagi and Izanami created Japan by giving birth to two islands, a large island and a female island. This female island is now known as Himeshima.
This name also comes from a story in the Nihon Shoki. During Emperor Suiniís time over 2000 years ago, a beautiful princess who was born from a white stone who then fled to the island to escape marriage to prince Tsunuga-arashito from Ohokara (present day South Korea). Successful in her escape, the princess crossed the sea, arrived on Himeshima and became a goddess of Himekoso shrine; this is where the origin of the name Himeshima begins.