Horyuji Temple, Goju-no To, one of world's oldest wooden building, 1/40 structure model, size: h. 85.5 cm (33.6"), 200 hours to finish
The world's oldest wooden building still standing is Horyuji Temple, said to date from the latter half of the seventh century. The pagoda is used to enshrine Buddha's remains, and it is made to the most important building in the Buddhist temple.
The five-story pagoda, located in Sai-in area, stands at 32.45 meters in height (122 feet) and is widely regarded as one of the two oldest wood buildings in the world. The wood used in the center pillar of the pagoda is estimated to have been felled in 594, found through a dendrochronological analysis. The pillar is set three meters below the surface of the massive foundation stone, stretching into the ground. At the base of the pillar, a fragment of the Buddha's bone is enshrined. Around it, four sculpted scenes from the life of the Buddha face north, east, south and west. Although the pagoda is five-storied, it does not function as such to allow one to climb up inside but it is rather designed to inspire people with its external view.