Japan has been making cartoon art for a very long time. Japanese manga (comic) come in all types, for all sorts of people. Also, a major difference is the style, which is dinstinctive and fairly easy to recoginaize. Within this broad common stylistic ground, each manga artistís technic is distinct and unique. The sterotype is of characters with huge hair and large eyes with stars sparkinig inside, but there are many variations.
Manga have entertained the Japanese for centuries. One narrative picture scroll from the 12th century, the first volume of Choju Jinbutsu Giga, depicts animals acting like people. The artist's lines are simple and the imagery is exaggerated, like the artistic expression of today's manga. These ancient manga-like pictures were drawn by hand, but in the Edo-era (1603-1867) artists developed woodblock techniques for the mass production of illustrated books and prints. Almost midway through the Edo-era, in 1720, a book of woodblock prints was published in Osaka. It was the first manga book published for commercial purposes. The Japanese were the first in Asia to enjoy cartoon-like pictures. Simple lines and exaggerated expression are essential elements of manga, and adding the impression of movement creates an even more expressive medium. The manga artists of long ago combined these three elements to lay the foundation for today's animated films (anime). These pages show how they depicted movement.