Miura City has a long history. Its first appearance in historical documents is thought to be in the Chronicles of Japan. In the early phase of the Kamakura-era, the Miura family, including Wada Yoshimori flourished. In this period, because of its closeness to Kamakura where feudal government was located and its blessing of nature, the government planted cherry blossoms, peach blossoms and Camellia’s in Misaki. Leading figures of the time including Minamoto Yoritomo enjoyed visits to the area.
In the Edo-era, the city thrived as a port town and gradually developed as a fishery harbor. It can be said that this formed grounds for the relatively recent development of the city as a base for deep-sea fishery.
In 1878, 1 town and 18 villages combined to form Miura County. After a change of laws in 1889, Miura County was restructured into Misaki Town, Minamishitaura Village and Hasse Village. In 1930, Minamishitaura Village was upgraded to become a town. On January 1st 1955, these 2 towns and 1 village joined to become known as Miura City.
This area constitutes a port town which has long flourished as one of the nation’s leading pelagic fishery bases. Many restaurants in this area compete with each other to attract gourmands from other parts of the country who seek finely cooked tuna dishes. Kainan Shrine is home to a huge 800 year old gingko tree that defies the guardian god of the Miura’s, a clan that reigned over the local people in old days. It is said that this tree was planted by Minamoto Yoritomo, the founder of the Kamakura Shogunate. In January, a traditional event is held at Kainan Shrine, whilst in April, the Syoku-no Kami Matsuri – The God of Food Festival is celebrated.
So, eat even tuna's head.