Miyako (Miyako-shi) is a city located in Iwate, Japan. It was founded on
The city lies along the coast where the Heigaaw River flows into the Pacific Ocean. It is connected to Morioka by an east-west train line and highway and the coastal highway also goes through the town. The city has a port but much of the shipping traffic is taken by larger cities along the coast.
On March 11, 2011, the city was devastated by a tsunami caused by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake. At least 401 lives were lost. Only about 30-60 boats survived from the town's 960 ship fishing fleet. A subsequent field study by the University of Tokyo's Earthquake Research Institute revealed that the waters had reached at least 37.9 metres above sea level, almost equalling the 38.2 metre record of the 1896 Meiji-Sanriku earthquake tsunami. Some of the most iconic footage of the 2011 Japanese tsunami, repeatedly broadcast worldwide, was shot in Miyako. It shows a dark black "waterfall" advancing sideways and tossing cars, later followed by ships tipping over and being crushed against a bridge.