Miyazawa Kenji (1896- 1933) was a Japanese poet and author. He was born in Hanamaki City, Iwate Prefecture, where he studied and taught agricultural science at Hanamaki Agricultural High School. He loved his native province, and the name of the fictional location that appeared in his works was constructed from the name "Iwate."
A collection of free verse poems (Haru to Shura-Spring and Asura) and a collection of children's stories and fairy tales (Chumon-no oi Restaurant-The Restaurant of Many Orders) were his only works published before his death, other than tanka (poems) published in local magazines.
After he died, many more of his works were discovered and subsequently published. Miyazawa was influenced by Buddhism, the Lotus Sutra in particular. His devotion and self-sacrificing personality are said to be strongly influenced by these factors. It may also be noted that Miyazawa had at least a passing interest in Esperanto. This interest is evident in the 1985 anime adaption of Ginga tetsudo-no Yoru (Night on the Milky Way Train), in which all signs in Giovanni's and Campanella's world are written in Esperanto, as well as the written language of the "cats."
In addition to the works already mentioned, Miyazawa's major works also include: Kaze-no Matasaburo (Matasaburo of the Wind); and the poem defining the Japanese ideal, "Ame-nimo Makezu." Miyazawa is one of the two best authors of Japanís history along with Murasaki Shikibu (The Tale of Genji).
The Tale of Genji is a classic work of Japanese literature attributed to the Japanese noblewoman Murasaki Shikibu in the early eleventh century, around the peak of the Heian-era (794-1185). It is sometimes called the world's first novel, the first modern novel, or the first novel to still be considered a classic. The issue remains debated among scholars.
Here we have three artists, who continue to make wookblock prints, inspired by Miyazawa and his works: a hanga artist, a cartoonist and a carpenter.
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